CA Final New Syllabus 2024 | Complete Subject-wise Details 

ca final new syllabus 2024



  1. Gaining the skills necessary to apply Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) to real-world situations and solve problems in order to determine the proper accounting treatment and create acceptable accounting policies.
  2. To develop the ability to understand and implement the disclosure standards outlined in Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) when compiling and presenting the financial statements.
  3. To acquire the knowledge necessary to create financial statements for group businesses, including associates, subsidiaries, and joint ventures, in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS).
  4. To improve knowledge of certain accounting standards and find solutions to issues in real-world situations when the treatment is different in both standards.


Introduction to General Purpose Financial Statements as per Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS)

Statutory provisions: Applicability criteria

Division II of Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013 and Guidance Note thereupon

Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting under Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS)
  1. Application of Ind AS with reference to General Purpose Financial Statements
    1. Ind AS on Presentation of Items in the Financial Statements Ind AS 1 “Presentation of Financial Statements”

Ind AS 34 “Interim Financial Reporting” Ind AS 7 “Statement of Cash Flows”

  1. Ind AS on Measurement based on Accounting Policies

Ind AS 8 “Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors” Ind AS 10 “Events after the Reporting Period”

Ind AS 113 “Fair Value Measurement”

  1. Ind AS on Income Statement

Ind AS 115* “Revenue from Contracts with the Customers”

  1. Ind AS on Assets and Liabilities of the Financial Statements Ind AS 2 “Inventories”

Ind AS 16 “Property, Plant and Equipment” Ind AS 116* “Leases”

Ind AS 23 “Borrowing Costs”

Ind AS 36 “Impairment of Assets” Ind AS 38 “Intangible Assets”

Ind AS 40 “Investment Property”

Ind AS 105 “Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations” Ind AS 19 “Employee Benefits”

Ind AS 37 “Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets”

  1. Ind AS on Items impacting the Financial Statements Ind AS 12* “Income Taxes”

Ind AS 21 “The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates”

  1. Ind AS on Disclosures in the Financial Statements Ind AS 24 “Related Party Disclosures”

Ind AS 33 “Earnings per Share” Ind AS 108 “Operating Segments”

  1. Other Ind AS

Ind AS 20 “Accounting for Government Grants and Disclosure of Government Assistance” Ind AS 102 “Share Based Payment”

Ind AS 41 “Agriculture”

  1. Ind AS on Financial Instruments (it includes Ind AS 32, Ind AS 109, Ind AS 107) Financial Instruments: Scope and Definitions

Classification and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities Financial Instruments: Equity and Financial Liabilities

Derivatives and Embedded Derivatives

Recognition and Derecognition of Financial Instruments Hedge Accounting


Ind AS on Group Accounting
  1. Business Combinations (Ind AS 103)
  2. Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements (it includes Ind AS 110, Ind AS 111, Ind AS 27, Ind AS 28, Ind AS 112)
First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS 101)
  1. Analysis of financial statements (as per Ind AS)
  2. Ethics with Accounting Concepts

Identify and explain the key ethical issues

Technology and Accounting

Accounting development in a technological setting



To develop the capacity to integrate ideas and methods of financial management into strategic decision-making for ca final new syllabus 2024.


I Financial Policy and Corporate Strategy

i Advanced CFO responsibilities include: Value Creation; 

ii Strategic decision-making framework; 

iii The interface between financial policy and strategic management; and 

iv Balancing financial objectives with long-term sustainability

Risk Management
  • Identification of the many types of risks that a company faces 
  • Evaluation of financial risks
  1. Value at Risk (VAR) 
  2. Evaluation of the most effective technique for identifying and managing financial risk
Advanced Capital Budgeting Decisions

i Current capital budgeting trends

  1. Effects of Inflation on Decisions Regarding Capital Budgets
  2. Effect of technological change on capital budgeting
  3. Changes in government policies’ effects on capital budgeting 

ii managing risk in investment choices

iii Internal and External Factors Affecting Capital Budgeting Decision

iv Techniques for incorporating risk in Capital Budgeting Adjusted Present Value Optimum Replacement Cycle iii Internal and External Factors Affecting Capital Budgeting Decision

Security Analysis

i Fundamental Evaluation 

ii Technical Analysis



Theories, and Principles

Basic Charting Techniques

Analysis of the Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH) 

iii Tools and Equity Research are offered.

Security Valuation
i Principles of Valuation
ii Return Concepts
  1. Initial Equity Risk Premium
  2. Requirement for Return on Equity
  3. Choosing a Discount Rate in Relation to Cash Flows 

vi Methods for Valuing Equity Shares

vii Preference Shares Valuation 

viii Bonds/Debentures Valuation

  • Role and Responsibilities of Valuers 
  • A valuer must exercise prudence before taking any assignment involving valuation.
Portfolio Management
  • Portfolio Analysis, 
  • Portfolio Selection, 
  • Capital Market Theory, 
  • Portfolio Revision, 
  • Portfolio Evaluation, 
  • Asset Allocation 
  1. Fixed Income Portfolio; 
  2. Risk Assessment for Investing in Distressed Securities; 
  3. Alternative Investment Routes;
    • Real Estate
    • Gold
    • Private Equity
    • REITs
    • Hedge Funds
    • ETFs
    • Mutual Funds
    • Commodities
  • Introduction
  • Concept and Definition

iii Benefits of securitization, 

iv participants, 

v mechanism, and 

vi issues with securitization are listed in order 

  1. Instruments for securitization
  2. Instruments used in securitization are priced.
  3. Securitization risks 

x Tokenization 

xi Indian securitization

Mutual Funds

i Meaning, 

ii Types, 

iii Benefits, and Drawbacks of Mutual Funds, 

iv An Evaluation of Mutual Funds

v The Fund Manager’s Position in Mutual Funds 

vi Hedge Funds, 

vii The FIIs’ role in mutual funds

Derivatives Analysis and Valuation

i Introduction to Forwards, Futures and Options

ii Futures Market

iii Pricing of Forwards and Futures 

iv Hedging using Futures

v Options

  • Greek options, 
  • exotic options, 
  • option pricing
  1. Derivatives of Credit
  2. Real Options 
  3. Derivative Errors: Lessons Learned
  4. Swaps
  5. derivatives on commodities 

xi Climate Derivatives

xii Electricity Derivatives 

Foreign Exchange Exposure and Risk Management

i Foreign exchange rate influencing factors 

ii SWIFT’s Function in Foreign Exchange

  1. Domestic and foreign payment gateways
  2. Determining exchange rates 

v Foreign currency markets 

vi Managing Foreign Exchange Risk

International Financial Management
  1. Capital budgeting abroad
    • Budgeting 
    • Project in relation to Parent Cash Flows 
    • Offshore Investment Strategies vs Domestic Capital
    • Changing the Discount Rate and Cash Flows
    • Reverse Present Value
  2. Acquiring cash from foreign sources, including sovereign funds
  3. GIFT City, an international financial center
  4. Global Work Capital Management
    • Multinational Cash Management Goals of Effective Cash Management
    • Optimisation of Cash Flows and Needs
    • International Receivable Management
    • International Inventory Management
Interest Rate Risk Management
  1. Reference Rates
  2. Interest Rate Risk 
  3. Interest Rate Risk Hedging 
  • Traditional Methods
  • Forward Rate
  • Agreement (FRA) 
  • Asset and Liability Management (ALM)
  • Contemporary techniques, such as interest rate derivatives
  • Futures on Interest Rates
  • Swaptions of Interest Rate Options
Business Valuation

i Valuation Conceptual Framework 

ii Approaches/Valuation Methods

  • Earnings-Based Models 
  • Asset-Based Models
  • Models Based on Cash Flows
  • Evaluation of Equity Cost
  • Model for Pricing Capital Assets (CAPM)
  • An unlisted company’s beta is estimated using the arbitrage pricing theory.
  • Compared Values
  • Procedures for Relative Valuation
  • Other methods of measuring value include equity valuation multiples and enterprise valuation multiples.
  • Market Value Added (MVA) and Economic Value Added (EVA)
  • Analysis of Shareholder Value (SVA)
  • Finding Fair Value

iii. Valuation of going and non-going concerns 

  1. Distressed Company Valuation
  1. Assessment of Startups
  2. Analysis of Digital Platforms’ Value
  3. Professional/Consultancy Firms’ Value viii ESG’s impact on valuation
Mergers, Acquisitions and Corporate Restructuring

i Theoretical Framework 

ii Justification Forms

  • Acquisitions and Mergers
  • Takeover of the Financial Framework Defending Techniques
  • Divestitures vs. Reverse Mergers
  • Sell out some of the Demerger Equity carving outs
  • Ownership Restructuring
  • Taking a Company Private and Leveraged Buyouts
  • Business restructuring and mergers and acquisitions to unlock value 

viii Cross-Border Mergers

ix Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) 

Startup Finance
  1. Introduction and Pitch Presentation; 
  2. Unicorn Concept; 
  3. Startup Initiative of the GOI; 
  4. Sources of Funding; and 
  5. Business Succession Planning



  1. To develop the skills necessary to evaluate current auditing practices and use them in auditing engagements.
  2. To improve one’s case-solving skills in relation to audit engagements for ca final new syllabus 2024.


I Quality Control
  • SQC 1 Quality Control for Firms that Perform Audits and Reviews of Historical Financial Information and Other Assurance and Related Services Engagements
  • SA 220 Quality Control for an Audit of Financial Statements
General Auditing Principles and Auditors Responsibilities
  • SA 240 The Auditor’s Responsibilities Relating to Fraud in an Audit of Financial Statements SA 250 Consideration of Laws and Regulations in an Audit of Financial Statements
  • SA 260 Communication with Those Charged with Governance SA 299 Joint Audit of Financial Statements
  • SA 402 Audit Considerations Relating to an Entity Using a Service Organisation
Audit Planning, Strategy, and Execution
  • SA 300 Planning an Audit of Financial Statements; (Content is covered in depth at Intermediate level, therefore, application part of SA 300 may be discussed in the form of Case Study at Final level.)
  • SA 450 Evaluation of Misstatements identified During the Audit SA 520 Analytical Procedures
  • SA 540 Auditing Accounting Estimates, Including Fair Value Accounting Estimates and Related Disclosures
  • SA 610 Using the Work of Internal Auditors SA 620 Using the Work of an Auditor’s Expert
Materiality, Risk Assessment and Internal Control

Evaluation of Internal Control Procedures; Components of Internal Controls; Internal Control and Risk Assessment; Auditor’s response to assessed risks; Risk-Based Audit- Audit Risk Analysis; Reporting on Internal Control Weaknesses, Framework on Reporting of Internal Controls

  • SA 265 Communicating Deficiencies in Internal Control to Those Charged with Governance and Management
  • SA 330 The Auditor’s Responses to Assessed Risks
Audit Evidence

(Note: At the Intermediate level, there is a thorough discussion of the material in SA 500 Audit Evidence, SA 501 Audit Evidence – Specific Considerations for Selected Items, SA 505 External Confirmations, SA 510 Initial Audit Engagements – Opening Balances, SA 530 Audit Sampling, and SA 550 Related Parties. Therefore, at the final level, the application portion of the aforementioned SAs may be explored as a case study.)

Completion and Review

(Note: At the Intermediate level, there is a thorough discussion of the material in SA 560 Subsequent Events, SA 570 Going Concern, and SA 580 Written Representation. Therefore, at the final level, the application portion of the aforementioned SAs may be explored as a case study.)

  • SA 700 Forming an Opinion and Reporting on Financial Statements
  • SA 701 Communicating Key Audit Matters in the Independent Auditor’s Report SA 705 Modifications to the Opinion in the Independent Auditor’s Report
  • SA 706 Emphasis of Matter Paragraphs and Other Matter Paragraphs in the Independent Auditor’s Report
  • SA 710 Comparative Information – Corresponding Figures and Comparative Financial Statements SA 720 The Auditor’s Responsibility in Relation to Other Information
Specialised Areas
  • Basic and Overview of SA 800 Special Considerations-Audits of Financial Statements Prepared in Accordance with Special Purpose Frameworks
  • Basic and Overview of SA 805 Special Considerations-Audits of Single Financial Statements and Specific Elements, Accounts or Items of a Financial Statement
  • Basic and Overview of SA 810 Engagements to Report on Summary Financial Statements
Audit-related Services
  • Basic and Overview of SRS 4400 Engagements to Perform Agreed-upon Procedures Regarding Financial Information
  • Basic and Overview of SRS 4410 Compilation Engagements
Review of Financial Information
  • Basic and Overview of SRE 2400 Engagements to Review Historical Financial Statements
  • Basic and Overview of SRE 2410 Review of Interim Financial Information Performed by the Independent Auditor of the Entity
Prospective Financial Information and Other Assurance Services
  • Basic and Overview of SAE 3400 The Examination of Prospective Financial Information Basic and Overview of SAE 3402 Assurance Reports on Controls at a Service Organisation
  • Basic and Overview of SAE 3420 Assurance Engagements to Report on the Compilation of Pro Forma Financial .
Digital Auditing and Assurance
  • Auditing digitally and Digital auditing, Usage of Automated Tools such as CAAT, Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, etc., Remote Auditing
Group Audits
  • Audit of Consolidated Financial Statements – Responsibility of Parent Company, Auditor of the Consolidated Financial Statements; Audit Considerations – Permanent Consolidation, Current Period Consolidation; Reporting
  • Audit of Group Financial Statements including the work of Component Auditors (SA 600 Using the Work of Another Auditor)
Special Features of Audit of Banks & Non-Banking Financial Companies
  1. Overview of Audit of Public Sector Undertakings: Concept of Propriety Audit; Performance Audit; Comprehensive Audit
  2. Internal Audit : Provisions of Internal Audit as per Companies Act, 2013; Scope of Internal Auditing; Relationship between Internal and External Auditor; Basics of Internal Audit Standards issued by the ICAI; Drafting of Internal Audit Report; Audit Trail, Internal Audit as a Management Function
  3. Due Diligence, Investigation and Forensic Accounting: Due Diligence Review; Audit versus Investigation; Steps for Investigation; Types of Investigation; Procedure, Powers, etc. of Investigator; Types of Fraud, Indicators of Fraud, Follow-up thereof; Forensic Accounting- meaning, difference between Statutory Audit and Forensic Accounting, Forensic Accounting and Investigation Report, Introduction of Forensic Accounting and Investigation Standards
Emerging Areas: Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) & Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) Assurance, etc.

Professional Ethics and Liabilities of Auditors: Introduction of Code of Ethics as per IESBA and Code of Ethics with special reference to the relevant provisions of the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 and the Regulations thereunder; Application of Fundamental Principles; Application of Threats, Evaluation of Threats; Addressing Threats and Safeguards; Conceptual Framework; Important Provisions of Chartered Accountants Act,1949 and Chartered Accountants Regulations 1988



  1. To develop the ability to analyse and interpret direct tax law provisions and to suggest the best, most tax-efficient answers to real-world issues. 
  2. To apply direct tax law provisions and the ideas, rules, and guidelines of international taxation to suggest answers to problems arising from cross-border transactions.


Accounting for all income tax owed by businesses and other organisations under the alternative tax regimes established by the Income Tax Act of 1961 in order to minimise tax liability

  • General Act rules for calculating total revenue and tax obligations of businesses and other bodies
  • Companies and other entities are subject to special tax systems under the Act.
  • Tax planning helps businesses and other entities reduce their tax obligations.

Political parties and electoral trusts, commercial trusts, securitization trusts, investment funds, and other funds and trusts are all subject to special provisions.

The Act’s anti-avoidance measures

provisions to manage the tax issues associated with digitalization

Tax Administration and Appellate Mechanism

i Deduction, Collection and Recovery of Tax 

ii Income-tax Authorities

  1. Assessment Procedures
  2. Appeals and Revision; and Dispute Resolution
  3. Provisions to counteract unethical tax practices
    • Taxation of undisclosed income under the Income-tax Act, 1961
    • Taxation of undisclosed foreign income and assets
    • Penalties and offences and prosecution
  4. Miscellaneous Provisions
  5. Tax Audit
International Taxation
  1. Taxation of cross border transactions and Non-resident taxation under the Income-tax Act, 1961, including
  • Transfer Pricing
  • Non-resident Taxation
  • Double Taxation Relief
  • Advance Ruling
  1. Other Aspects of International Taxation, namely,
  • Significant articles of OECD and UN Model Tax Conventions
  • Fundamentals of BEPS
  • Application and Interpretation of Tax Treaties
  • Latest developments in International Taxation




To develop the capacity to evaluate, understand, and offer suggestions for cases regarding the provisions of the goods and services tax law.


The Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act of 2017 and the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST) Act of 2017 both contain the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Law, and they both include

  1. Case studies based on following:

Application of the CGST/IGST statute; Levy and collection of CGST and IGST; the idea of supply, including supplies between states, within states, and supplies in territorial waters; tax fee, including the reverse charge; Classification; Tax exemption; Location, timing, and source of supply the cost of supply; tax credits for input;

Computation of GST liability

  1. Registration, tax invoice, credit and debit notes, electronic way bills, accounts and records, returns, and tax payment are among the GST procedures.
  2. Case studies based on return provisions and refunds Job work, IV
  3. obligation to pay in some circumstances
  4. Inspection, Search, Seizure, and Arrest vii GST Administration; Assessment and Audit
  • viii Demand, Recoveries, Offences, and Penalties
  • ix Appeal and revision 
  • x Advance ruling 
  • xii GST ethics xii Other clauses *



To gain knowledge of customs laws and foreign trade policy, as well as the skills necessary to evaluate and comprehend its contents.


Customs Law as contained in the Customs Act, 1962 and the Customs Tariff Act, 1975
  1. Overview of customs law, focusing on constitutional issues
  2. Application of customs legislation, taxable event, customs duty charge, exclusions to the levy of customs duty, and exemption from custom duty are all included in the imposition of customs duties.
  3. duties imposed by customs
  4. Imported and exported products are classified and valued.
  5. Export and Import procedures, including specific ones for baggage, items sent abroad or imported, and retailers
  6. Warehousing Refund
Foreign Trade Policy
  1. Introduction to FTP: Laws controlling FTP, important FTP characteristics, FTP management, FTP content, and other associated provisions
  2. Fundamental ideas about import and export
  3. Basic ideas about export promotion programmes offered by FTP




In order to address problems in realistic case situations, it is necessary to assess and integrate the concepts, principles, and rules of accounting, auditing, taxation, corporate law, finance, and business strategy and management.


This paper will only use case studies to evaluate the integrated understanding of the following topics:

Financial Reporting
  1. Advanced Financial Management
  2. Advanced Auditing, Assurance and Professional Ethics
  3. Direct Tax Laws & International Taxation
  4. Indirect Tax Laws
  5. Corporate and Economic Laws
  6. Strategic Cost & Performance Management


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